A Family of Salish & Kootenai Tribally Owned Businesses

Our story; an introduction to the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes

The Flathead Reservation is comprised of three tribes; the Bitterroot Salish, Upper Pend d’Oreille, and Kootenai tribes. Bitterroot Salish和Upper Pend d 'Oreille(发音为Pawn do-RAY)成为“联盟Salish”,这三个实体很快被称为联盟Salish和Kootenai部落. The S and K in our company name, S&K Technologies, Inc., refers to the two groups of Salish (S) and Kootenai (K).

According to Salish and Pend d’Oreille culture, 土狼和其他动物教萨利希人灵性, subsistence, and social organization. 这些教义的核心是与土地和所有生物的关系. There was no concept of land ownership; it was the land, water, and sun that owned the people.

萨利希人的口述传统说的是“漫长的苦寒”,指的是最后一个冰河时代. 考古学家已经在我们的原住民领地内记录了与这些故事相关的遗址, 反映了一个持续的部落居住可以追溯到上一个冰河时代结束的时候.

萨利希人生活在陆地上,季节性地迁移到蒙大拿西部寻找食物的地方. The Salish had an ancient network of trails, paths, and areas where they would gather these resources. 在春天,萨利希人会收集一整年的根茎、蔬菜和药品. 在夏天,当浆果和其他水果开始成熟时,他们也会收集它们. 到了秋天,萨利希人会猎取肉,然后晾干,以备冬季食用.

Salish Chief Charlo with Chief Moiese and Joe LaMoose

The three tribes (Salish, Kootenai, 和彭德·德·奥利耶)过着维持生计和相对平静的生活. 当刘易斯和克拉克在蒙大拿州的比特鲁特山谷遇到萨利希人时,他们第一次接触到欧洲人, 是谁帮助他们在西行中翻越了比特鲁特山脉. The Salish were shocked to see people with white skin, balding heads, and beards, 因为许多土著人既不长胡子也不掉头发. 萨利希人称这些人为Suyape,意思是“脸朝下的人”.”

一位名叫“闪光衬衫”的萨利希先知看到了一个异象:穿着黑色长袍的人来到萨利希人面前,向他们提供不同的药物和祈祷. 大湖的易洛魁人部落前往萨利希人那里,告诉他们耶稣会, often in long dark robes, would come to them. 萨利希人认为这是一个征兆,并邀请耶稣会士到蒙大拿州西部. Unbeknownst to the Salish, 耶稣会的使命是通过宗教皈依来同化他们. 许多萨利希人在与耶稣会士接触后被迫放弃了他们的文化和语言.

The U.S. 政府意识到蒙大拿州西部的农业潜力,并试图与萨利希人谈判签订条约, Pend d’Oreille, and Kootenai people. 根据协议,部落将不得不放弃2200万英亩的土地,以换取1亿美元.3 million acre reservation. The chiefs of the Salish, Kootenai, 潘德·德奥利耶不同意这些条款,拒绝在条约上签字. 随后,詹姆斯·加菲尔德将军(James Garfield)在这份文件上伪造了酋长的名字.S. 总统)和萨利希人、库特奈人和彭德·德·奥利耶人被迫搬到平头保留地. Under the leadership of Chief Charlo, 萨利希人抵抗并在比特鲁特山谷呆了大约30年.S. 军队迫使他们到乔科谷(今MT . Arlee)。.

Delegation to DC

Delegation of tribal members who traveled to Washington D.C.

条约的措辞是这样的,部落“有条件地”住在保留区内, but would retain their rights to hunt, gather, and fish on their aboriginal land. Land ownership was a foreign concept to the tribes, 由于条约的措辞并没有赋予部落保留地的全部所有权, 根据《伟德体育app》(1887年道斯法案),保留地开放给非部落成员定居。. After relinquishing most of the land to the U.S. Government that was granted to them through treaty, 它被进一步细分并拍卖给非印度人. 今天,平头保留地的大部分土地和居民都不是印第安人.

Realizing the changing times, 萨里什和库特奈联盟部落成为美国的第一个部落.S. 通过共和国部落委员会作为1934年印第安人重组法案的一部分. 从那时起,部落一直是美国最进步的部落之一.S. It’s many enterprises, including S&K Technologies, are the largest employers in Lake County, MT. 这些部落每年为当地经济贡献约6500万美元,为蒙大拿州的年经济贡献约3.17亿美元. In 2015, they will be the only tribe in the U.S. to own and operate a hydroelectric facility.

CSKT Tribal Council Building in Pablo

在巴勃罗的萨利希和库特奈联盟部落议会大楼, Montana on the Flathead Reservation.

Knowledge of The Past. Vision for The Future.

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